A great philosopher, national poet, reformer, lawyer, Mufakkir-e-Pakistan, Poet of East (Shaaire Mashriq), Hakeem-ul-Ummat (Sage of Ummah), and spiritual father of Pakistan. All these words are the introduction of a dynamic personality known as Allama Mohammad Iqbal.
Iqbal is the man behind the formulation of the two-nation theory that led to the creation of Pakistan. It was his dream to see Muslims living in a separate homeland. His poetry is full of enthusiasm delivering a strong message to youth.
For Muslims, Iqbal’s poetry proved to be life-changing. He aimed at bringing a change in the lives of Muslims who were slaves to the British in the subcontinent.
Allama Iqbal’s Early Life and Education
Iqbal was born in a Kashmiri Brahmin family that turned to Islam decades ago. He was born in Sialkot on November 9, 1877. His father wanted him to receive religious education and therefore sent him to Madrassah. However, a friend of his father named Syed Mir Hassan advised him to send Iqbal to a regular school.
His father agreed and Iqbal got admission to the school. Iqbal learned several languages and received a strong grasp of Arabic, Persian, and Urdu. He completed his diploma from Murray College Sialkot. Later Iqbal joined Government College Lahore and did his Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy, Arabic, and English Literature. After his bachelor’s degree, he did his Master of Arts from the Government College.
At Government College Lahore, Iqbal got true inspiration from his professor Sir Thomas Arnold. Iqbal learned many things from his professor college.
Iqbal was a brilliant and diligent student. Allama Iqbal’s academic achievements are reflected in his poetry. After his studies, he started teaching at the same college.
Iqbal as a Great Philosopher
Allama Iqbal went to Europe for higher studies where he got admitted to a German university and completed his Doctor of Philosophy. In no time, he earned a good reputation as Philosopher. For his education and wide perspective, people compared him with the renowned philosophers of Germany.
Wondering did Allama Iqbal dream of Pakistan? Yes! It was Allama Iqbal who first gave Muslims the idea of a separate homeland.
In the beginning, Allama Iqbal was in favor of united India. His poetry reflected his thoughts and philosophy about Muslims of India. In 1910, he wrote the song of the community known as “ Taranae Mili” addressing the Muslims residing worldwide. If you want to learn about Allama Iqbal and Muslim nationalism, then read this beautiful poem by Allama Iqbal.
مسلم ہيں ہم ، وطن ہے سارا جہاں ہمارا
توحيد کی امانت سينوں ميں ہے ہمارے
آساں نہيں مٹانا نام و نشاں ہمارا
دنيا کے بت کدوں ميں پہلا وہ گھر خدا کا
ہم اس کے پاسباں ہيں، وہ پاسباں ہمارا
تيغوں کے سائے ميں ہم پل کر جواں ہوئے ہيں
خنجر ہلال کا ہے قومی نشاں ہمارا
مغرب کی واديوں ميں گونجی اذاں ہماری
تھمتا نہ تھا کسی سے سيل رواں ہمارا
باطل سے دنبے والے اے آسماں نہيں ہم
سو بار کر چکا ہے تو امتحاں ہمارا
اے گلستان اندلس! وہ دن ہيں ياد تجھ کو
تھا تيری ڈاليوں پر جب آشياں ہمارا
اے موج دجلہ! تو بھی پہچانتی ہے ہم کو
اب تک ہے تيرا دريا افسانہ خواں ہمارا
اے ارض پاک! تيری حرمت پہ کٹ مرے ہم
ہے خوں تری رگوں ميں اب تک رواں ہمارا
سالار کارواں ہے مير حجاز اپنا
اس نام سے ہے باقی آرام جاں ہمارااقبال کا ترانہ بانگ درا ہے گويا
ہوتا ہے جادہ پيما پھر کارواں ہمارا
However, his ideology went through a transition in 1930 when he delivered Khutbah Alabaad as the president of the Muslim League. He asked Muslims to fight for a separate homeland. Iqbal feared that Muslims would lose their separate identity and their culture would fade away if they lived in undivided India with the majority of Hindus.
He suggested Muslims gain a separate homeland in the North-Western Part of the subcontinent. It was his narrative that provided the foundation to the two-nation theory and ultimately to the creation of Pakistan. If you study about Allama Iqbal and the ideology of Pakistan Wikipedia, you will come to know that the first man behind the ideology of Pakistan is Allama Mohammad Iqbal.
He delivered many lectures in different countries. His lectures are compiled and have been published under the title “The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam”.
You can learn more about Allama Iqbal dream of Pakistan in Urdu to study Iqbal’s detailed view about the two-nation theory and ideology of Pakistan.
Allama Iqbal-A great poet
Allama Iqbal was a great poet. His poetry is full of enthusiasm and optimism. In particular, youth can learn a lot from his poetry.
If you are thinking about what Allama Iqbal did for Pakistan, he did countless efforts. Not only did he present the ideology of Pakistan, but he also motivated the youth to do efforts for their independence.
The title “Allama” was awarded to Iqbal because of being a knowledgeable man with unparallel wisdom and diligence. His poetry in Urdu and Persian is still engaging the youth of today. His prominent poetry work includes Rumooz-e-Bekhudi, Bal-e-Jibreel, Zaboor-e-Ajam, Zarb-e-Kaleem, and Bange-Dara.
If you want to learn the true meaning of motivation, then the poetry of Allama Iqbal can help you a lot. His famous poem “Khudi ko kar buland itna” is full of messages for youth. In his poem, he addressed youngsters to put all their effort and then rely on destiny. He provoked people to give their best and turn their destiny in their favor.
Lessons from the Life of Iqbal
Allama Iqbal poetry urged Muslims of India to get independence and leave behind the light of slavery. Moreover, Iqbal depicted the glorious past of Muslims in his poetry to persuade them to achieve their lost magnificence and glory. His sole purpose was to encourage youth do an effort and change their fate.
Through his poetry, Iqbal asked youngsters to never compromise on less. He advised them to dream big and achieve big goals in life.
He compared youth with an eagle who has a lot more skies ahead. The only thing youth need to do is to make a flight i.e., to be determined to conquer the world.
Being a true Muslim, Iqbal was always concerned about Muslims all over the world. He was an influential poet for Muslims. The impact of his poetry on the Muslims of the subcontinent cannot be overlooked.
Allama Iqbal Death
Iqbal died on April 21, 1938. His tomb is near Badshahi Mosque in the walled city Lahore. Unfortunately, he was unable to see Muslims living freely in their separate homeland. Whatever is the role of Quaid e Azam in the struggle for Pakistan, it is all based on the two-nation theory provided by Allama Mohammad Iqbal.
Although he was not alive when Pakistan came into being, he was awarded the title of the national poet of Pakistan. Also, Iqbal day is celebrated all over Pakistan on 9 November.
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